Node.js is a cross-platform runtime environment used for creating server-side applications built on the google chrome V8 engine, making it perfect for creating fast and scalable applications.
There are many criteria by which we can compare both technologies to choose the best for a project. Let’s see them one by one.
|Performance and Speed||Faster as it is built upon the V8 engine|
Non-blocking execution of code
|Slower as it uses an interpreter which loops through every line of code|
|Scalability||Various methods and build-in modules to handle a large-scale application||Limited methods|
|Community Support||Vast and global active community||The big community at a time in the past|
|Libraries and Tools Availability||Millions of libraries and tools can install using NPM||Limited use of libraries|
|Use Cases||Mainly used for creating server-side applications||Mainly used for creating client-side applications|
|Learning Curve||Complex as it contains many build-in modules, millions of libraries, and concepts||Easy for beginners|
Performance and Speed
Another point that makes Node.js more scalable is the ability to interact with files, Node.js has a dedicated file system module for reading and writing on files whereas Vanilla JavaScrip isn’t able to perform read and write operations on the files. For scalability, the availability of many different methods, build-in modules, and file system interactions is necessary so Node.js is a win in terms of scalability.
Libraries and Tools Availability
Real World Example